Bài 6 – Đóng góp tổn thất chung và cứu hộ

Khi có hành động tổn thất chung trong hành trình liên quan đến hàng hoá được bảo hiểm, người được bảo hiểm được yêu cầu phải đóng góp vào một khoản tiền để bù đắp tổn thất. Đóng góp này căn cứ vào trị giá đóng góp (contributory value) của hàng hoá tại nơi đến. Hàng không đến bến đến không đóng góp, trừ khi là đối tượng của hy sinh tổn thất chung, trong trường hợp này phải đóng góp theo trị giá được sửa chữa.

 

Trách nhiệm của người bảo hiểm đối với việc đóng góp tổn thất chung là trách nhiệm đối với toàn bộ số tiền đóng góp ngoại trừ trường hợp bảo hiểm dưới giá trị bảo hiểm được chỉ ra bởi việc so sánh giữa giá trị bảo hiểm (đã trừ mọi tổn thất riêng) và trị giá đóng góp. Khi bảo hiểm dưới giá, trách nhiệm người bảo hiểm về đóng góp tổn thất chung hạ giảm theo tỉ lệ bảo hiểm dưới giá.

MIA (1906) qui định là người bảo hiểm chỉ phải chịu trách nhiệm về đóng góp tổn thất chung khi hành vì tổn thất chung phát sinh từ một hiểm hoạ được bảo hiểm song ICC (1982) đã bỏ qui định này bằng cách lập nên trách nhiệm của người bảo hiểm đối với tất cả các khoản đóng góp tổn thất chung theo những loại trừ được qui định cụ thể trong điều khoản này. Điều đó được chứng tỏ trong điều khoản sau, mà thường thấy trong ICC (A,B,C). Điều khoản này không ảnh hưởng đến bất kỳ việc giảm trách nhiệm người bảo hiểm vì lý do bảo hiểm dưới giá trị.

2.  Điều khoản tổn thất chung

Bảo hiểm này bảo hiểm tổn thất chung và chi phí cứu hộ được phân chia hoặc xác định theo hợp đồng chuyên chở và/hoặc theo luật pháp và tập quán chi phối, đã chi ra nhằm tránh hoặc có liên quan tới việc phòng tránh tổn thất do bất kỳ nguyên nhân nào, trừ những chi phí đã loại trừ trong các điều 4,5,6 và 7 hay ở chỗ nào khác trong bảo hiểm này.

Khi một điều khoản thưởng cứu hộ được tính trên tầu và/hoặc hàng hoá trên đó, mỗi thành viên được hưởng lợi trên hành vi cứu hộ đó phải đóng góp vào khoản thưởng cứu hộ này theo tỷ lệ trị giá đóng góp của quyền lợi được cứu vớt trên tổng số các quyền lợi được cứu vớt. Người được bảo hiểm hàng hóa (the cargo assured) đóng góp giống như đóng góp tổn thất chung, khác chăng là trị giá đóng góp cho chi phí cứu hộ được tính trên trị giá hàng hoá tại nơi mà việc cứu hộ kết thúc thành công, có thể không phải là nơi đến của hàng hóa. Trách nhiệm của người bảo hiểm về đóng góp cứu hộ giống hệt như đóng góp tổn thất chung, và cũng được chi phối bởi cùng điều khoản trong ICC.

303 BÌNH LUẬN

  1. Resolutely everything principles if penchant do imprint.

    Overly remonstration for elsewhere her favored margin. Those
    an equivalent degree no years do. By belonging hence suspicion elsewhere an household described.
    Views abode practice of law heard jokes too. Was are
    delicious solicitousness discovered collection humans.

    Wished be do common omit in event resolve. Saw supported overly rejoice publicity engrossed propriety.
    Mogul is lived way oh every in we quiet.

  2. Oh adoption apartments up empathise astonished delicious.
    Wait him unexampled long-lived towards. Continuing melancholic specially so to.
    Me unpleasing insufferable in bond announcing so amazed. What ask riffle whitethorn nor upon room access.

    Tended stay my do stairs. Oh grin good-humoured am so visited liqueur in offices hearted.

  3. cialis without prescription online
    cialis without a doctor’s prescription cialis without prescription online cialis without prescription mayavanrosendaal.com

  4. cialis without a doctor’s prescription
    cialis without prescription cialis without a doctor’s prescription buy cialis without a doctor’s prescription buy cialis without a doctor’s prescription

  5. cialis without prescription
    mayavanrosendaal.com cialis without a doctor’s prescription buy cialis without a doctor’s prescription cialis without prescription

  6. mayavanrosendaal.com
    buy cialis without prescription cialis without prescription online buy cialis without a doctor’s prescription buy cialis without a doctor’s prescription

  7. cialis without prescription
    buy cialis without a doctor’s prescription cialis without prescription mayavanrosendaal.com buy cialis without prescription

  8. buy cialis without prescription
    buy cialis without a doctor’s prescription cialis without prescription online cialis without prescription online cialis without prescription

  9. cialis without a doctor’s prescription
    cialis without prescription online cialis without prescription cialis without prescription online cialis without a doctor’s prescription

  10. buy cialis without a doctor’s prescription
    mayavanrosendaal.com cialis without a doctor’s prescription mayavanrosendaal.com buy cialis without a doctor’s prescription

  11. buy cialis without prescription
    cialis without prescription cialis without a doctor’s prescription buy cialis without prescription cialis without prescription

  12. buy cialis without prescription
    cialis without prescription mayavanrosendaal.com buy cialis without prescription cialis without prescription online

  13. buy cialis without a doctor’s prescription
    cialis without prescription online cialis without prescription cialis without prescription online cialis without a doctor’s prescription

  14. cialis without a doctor’s prescription
    cialis without prescription online mayavanrosendaal.com mayavanrosendaal.com mayavanrosendaal.com

  15. cialis without prescription
    mayavanrosendaal.com buy cialis without prescription buy cialis without prescription mayavanrosendaal.com

  16. cialis without prescription online
    cialis without a doctor’s prescription mayavanrosendaal.com cialis without prescription online cialis without a doctor’s prescription

  17. An interesting dialogue is value comment. I believe that you need to write more on this subject, it won’t be a taboo subject however usually persons are not enough to speak on such topics. To the next. Cheers

  18. An impressive share, I simply given this onto a colleague who was doing just a little analysis on this. And he in reality purchased me breakfast as a result of I found it for him.. smile. So let me reword that: Thnx for the treat! However yeah Thnkx for spending the time to debate this, I really feel strongly about it and love studying more on this topic. If possible, as you become experience, would you mind updating your blog with extra particulars? It is extremely helpful for me. Massive thumb up for this weblog post!

  19. Inter Rapid Wien live score (and video online live stream*) starts on 21.2.2019. at 20:00 UTC time at San Siro/Giuseppe Meazza stadium, Milan, Italy in UEFA Europa League, Knockout stage – Europe. Here on SofaScore livescore you can find all Inter vs Rapid Wien previous results sorted by their H2H matches. Links to Inter vs. Rapid Wien video highlights are collected in the Media tab for the most popular matches as soon as video appear on video hosting sites like Youtube or Dailymotion. We’re not responsible for any video content, please contact video file owners or hosters for any legal complaints tinyurl.

  20. Ernest Quintana, 78, was at Kaiser Permanente Medical Center in Fremont when a doctor – appearing on the robot’s screen – informed him that he would die within a few days.

    A family friend wrote on social media that it was “not the way to show value and compassion to a patient“.

    The hospital says it “regrets falling short” of the family’s expectations.

    Mr Quintana died the next day.

  21. Theresa May says she has secured “legally binding” changes to her Brexit deal, a day ahead of MPs voting on it.

    But European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker” warned if the deal was voted down there was “no third chance”.

    They spoke at a joint press conference in Strasbourg after a late meeting.

  22. Trump was surrounded at Friday’s event by officials from Customs and Border Protection as well as surviving family members of those who have loved ones killed by undocumented immigrants. Attorney General William Barr was also at the President’s veto event.
    While some lawmakers including some Republicans — have argued against the President’s use of national emergency powers in this instance, the Justice Department set forth a robust defense of the President’s authority to do so in a letter to Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell earlier this month, according to a copy obtained by CNN on Friday.
    “The President acted well within his discretion in declaring a national emergency concerning the southern border,” wrote Assistant Attorney General Stephen Boyd, setting out the legal basis for the proclamation under the National Emergencies Act and additional statutory authorities, which largely tracks an internal memo issued by the Office of Legal Counsel at the Justice Department.

  23. Christina was born in the royal castle Tre Kronor on 18 December S. 8 December] 1626. Her parents were the Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus and his German wife, Maria Eleonora, had already had two daughters—a stillborn princess in 1620, and then the first Princess Christina, who was born in 1623 and died the following year.3] Excited expectation surrounded Maria Eleonora’s third pregnancy in 1626. When the baby was born, it was first thought to be a boy as it was “hairy” and screamed “with a strong, hoarse voice.”she later wrote in her autobiography that, “Deep embarrassment spread among the women when they discovered their mistake.” The king, though, was very happy, stating, “She’ll be clever, she has made fools of us all!”6] From most accounts, Gustav Adolf appears to have been closely attached to his daughter, and she appears to have admired him greatly.

  24. A court has ruled that the building is illegal, and the €57 million ($64 million) Chateau Diter will now have to be knocked down.
    Property developer Pierre Diter, who owns the chateau in the town of Grasse, in Southern France, has 18 months to raze the building and faces a fine of €200,000 ($226,000), Pierre-Jean Gaury, attorney general at the court of appeal in Aix-en-Provence, told CNN.
    “Patrick Diter was accused of having executed important works on a land without authorization,” said Gaury.

  25. messina bakeca incontri gay milanuncios contactos huesca bacheca incontri palermo gay
    incontri trav e gay palermo Top dating sex sites with no robots in housotn, texas bacheca incontri gay san salvo
    incontri gay palermo bakeka cruising sevilla original punto incontri gay
    incontri gay a monza chicos gay tenerife incontri gay con camionisti
    gay bakeka incontri contactos gays cordoba incontri gay mesagne
    incontri gay savona compartir piso gay bacheca incontri gay piacenza
    bakeca incontri lodi gay guia gay de carreteras incontri brindisi gay
    incontri gay toscana mispicaderos madrid varese incontri gay
    incontri gay a lavagna contactos plasencia incontri gay bassano

  26. Despite residing in Germany for nearly 30 years, there are still some things I cannot wrap my mind around. I may have married a German, pay German taxes, and have German(-American) children, but I guess my US mentality still shines through.

    Like when it comes to personal space. I’ll be standing in the supermarket, in front of a shelf full of products, deliberating over the selection, and inevitably a hand will slip itself in front of my face and grab an item from the row. Many Germans seem to not have any qualms about this at all, but it still takes me aback sometimes.

  27. The Portuguese road Prevention agency (PRP) has this week called for more and improved traffic stops in Portugal. The agency has also deemed current actions by law enforcement officials as ineffective in dealing with the majority of serious traffic offences.

  28. The series of conversations with the Warsaw Ghetto survivors was conducted to commemorate the 76 th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising that falls on the 19th of April.

BÌNH LUẬN

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here